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MLA 8th Edition: PRINT


One author

Reference List In-text Citation

Gaston, Thomas E. Historical Issues in the Book of Daniel. Taanathshiloh, 2007.

*Note the hanging indent for reference list items.

*Capitalize words in titles.

*Give author names in full if possible.

* Do not include titles, degrees (e.g. Phd, Sir, Saint) but do include a suffix that is part of the name (e.g. Jr, or III)

Be as concise as possible:

(Author page number)

1. The evidence is “admittedly meagre” (Gaston 66).

2. Gaston (91) has suggested…

3. Gaston argues that “…” (119).

Two authors

Reference List In-text Citation

Murphy, Ed, and Rob Lewers. The Hidden Hurt. Wizard Books, 2000.

(Murphy and Lewers 453)

Three or more authors

Reference List In-text Citation

Quinton, Geoff, et. al. Science 10: Australian Curriculum. Oxford UP, 2012.

(Quinton et al. 39)

No author or editor

Reference List In-text Citation

Mosby’s Medical Dictionary. 8th ed. Mosby/Elsevier, 2009.

As there is no author, the title is placed in the position of the author. Do not use “anonymous” unless the book uses that.

(Mosby’s Medical Dictionary 45)


Reference List In-text Citation

The Bible does not need to be included in Works Cited, but include it if you are citing a particular version.

The Bible. Introd. and notes by Robert Carroll and Stephen Prickett. Oxford UP. 1998. Oxford World’s Classics. Authorized King James Vers.

Include Book of the Bible, chapter, verse and version.

(John 3:16)

Same author but different work

Reference List In-text Citation

---.John Green Said. Oxford Press, 1999.

(use dashes instead of writing author’s name again).

Secondary Source

Reference List In-text Citation

You have read a journal article written by George Parker. In the article, Parker includes a quote from a book authored by James Little and you would like to include Little’s quote in your own paper, but you do not have access to his book, Short problems. Include the journal (the item you actually read) in your reference list and refer to the book in your assignment

For example: Little asserts in his book Short problems that “tall men have a better chance of getting a job” (qtd. in Parker 23). or Cummins (qtd. in Moore 53) argues that …

Book in a series

Reference List In-text Citation

Stewart, Joan Hinde. Colette. Twayne's World Authors Series. 679.Twayne, 1993.



Corporate author

Reference List In-text Citation

Victorian Department of Education. Schools of the Future. Vic. Dept. of Ed., 1994.

Omit beginning words such as A, An or The for the author. Do not abbreviate author, but do abbreviate if they are also the publisher.

(Victorian Department of Education 23)

An edition other than the first

Reference List In-text Citation
Harmer, Jeremy. The Practice of English Language Teaching. 3rd ed. Longman, 2001.

(Harmer 521)

Note: An ordinal number is a number defining the position of something in a series, e.g. 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th. Remove the superscript if needed.

Book chapter or article in an edited book

Reference List In-text Citation

Lett, Will. “Creativity and Giftedness.” Educational Psychology, edited by Peter Langford. Longman Cheshire,1989. p.72.

Rudlin, John. “Jacques Copeau: The Quest for Sincerity.” Actor Training, edited by Alison Hodge. 2nd ed. Routledge, 2010. pp.101-119.

Note: The page number range includes the first and last page of the full chapter, not just the pages used.

(Lett 72)

(Rudlin 110)

Use the chapter authors, NOT the editors of the book.

Edited book

Reference List In-text Citation

Prinstein, Mitchell J., and Kenneth A. Dodge, editors. Understanding Peer Influence in Children and Adolescents. Guildford, 2008.

(Prinstein and Dodge 13)

Do not add the word ‘eds’

Single volume in a multi-volume work

Reference List In-text Citation

Blunt, George. Thinking Critically. Vol.2, Cambridge UP, 1992. 3 vols.

Quennell, Peter. John Ruskin (1819-1900). Charles Scribner, 1982. Vol. 5 of British Writers, edited by Ian Scott-Kilvert. 8 vols. 1959-1982.

(Blunt 44)



Print journal

Reference List In-text Citation

Crispin, G. “Trial by Fire.” Pottery in Australia, vol.35, no.3, 1996, pp.8-10.

For multiple authors, use the same rules as for books.

(Crispin 10)

No author named

Reference List In-text Citation
“A Rose is a Rose is a Rose: Bullying in all of its Disguises.” Journal of Psychosocial Nursing & Mental Health Services, vol.49, no.10, 2011,pp. 6- 7. ("A Rose is a Rose is a Rose" 6)

Magazine or newspaper article

Reference List In-text citation

Bazell, Robert. "Science and Society: Growth Industry." New Republic, 15 Mar. 1993. pp.13-14.

If it is a monthly magazine, just enter the month.

Wood, Jason. “Spellbound.” Sight and Sound, Dec. 2005, pp. 28-30.

Asome, Carolyn. “Top Award for Designer Who Dressed Kate.” The Times, 29 Nov. 2011, p.17.

If the pages are not consecutive, write only the first page number and a plus sign e.g. 25+

(Bazell 13)


Reference List In-text Citation

Bishop, Elizabeth. “The Fish.” The Complete Poems, 1927-1979. Noonday Press/Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1983. pp.42-44.

Lowell, Robert. “For the Union Dead.” The Top 500 Poems. Edited by William Harmon. Columbia UP, 1992. pp.1061-63.

(Bishop 42-44)

(Lowell 1061-63)


Reference List In-text Citation

Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet.

If you have a specific edition you want to reference:

Shakespeare. Romeo and Juliet. Edited by Brian Gibbons. Methuen, 1980.

(Romeo and Juliet 1.3.12-15)

Indicates act 1, scene 3, lines 12-15.

(Shakespeare 66)


Reference List In-text Citation
Heartbreak House, directed by Robin Lefevre, performance by Philip Bosco and Swoosie Kurtz, 1 Oct. 2006,Roundabout Theatre Company, New York.

(Heartbreak House)



Lecture notes

Reference List In-text Citations

Cole, Ross. “Job’s Trials”. Course Bible Studies BS220. Avondale College, Cooranbong. 14 Mar. 2012. Lecture.

Koppitch, John. “The Silk Road Project.” NCTE Convention. Las Vegas, NV. 15 Nov. 2012.Speech.



Course reader

Your course reader is made up of different types of sources. Do not reference the reader as a whole. Cite them according to the source