(Hancock, 2016, p. 10)
(Boot, 2011, pp. 49-50)
Ryan (2013) has argued that "......" (p. 15)
As Cowled (2018) found "......" (pp. 11-12)
(Davis, 2017, para. 8)
(Melville, 2019, 2:17)
McGrath et al. (2019) noted that "...." (2:07)
All quoted material must be identified as being quoted. Direct quotation occurs when you use “word for word material directly quoted from another author’s work” (APA, 2010, p. 173). There are two methods of doing this depending on the length of the quote. Where a quote is shorter than 40 words in length it is to be included in the text of the essay and identified by double quotation marks at the beginning and end of the actual quoted material. The source of the quote must also be given within the sentence or at its conclusion. Place the in-text reference before the full stop.
For example: Researchers have observed that “falls are frequently reported adverse events in the adult inpatient setting” (Perry et al., 2012, p. 37).
Indent and double space quotes which are 40 words or longer in length. Quotation marks are not used. At the end of a block quotation, cite the quoted source and the page number in parentheses, after the final punctuation mark. Note the location of the full stop.
Whether I shall turn out to be the hero of my own life, or whether that station will be held by anybody else, these pages must show. To begin my life with the beginning of my life, I record that I was born (as I have been informed and believe) on a Friday, at twelve o’clock at night. It was remarked that the clock began to strike, and I began to cry, simultaneously. (Dickens, 1896, p. 1)
Mindfulness has a range of meanings as it "has become a trend word conveying a diversity of understandings dependent on context" (Davis, 2017, p. 86) and can encompass....
As Davis (2017) said, "Mindfulness has become a trend word conveying a diversity of understandings dependent on context" (p. 86) and can encompass....
"Mindfulness has become a trend word conveying a diversity of understandings dependent on context" (Davis, 2017, p. 86).
From Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 7th edition