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Turabian 9th Edition: Turabian 9th Edition

What is Referencing?

When you use another author’s ideas (and this includes paraphrasing, summarising and directly quoting someone), you need to say where you got it from. In most cases, you are recording an author’s name, the date they published their work, the title of the work, and who published it.

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Why is referencing important?

Not indicating when and where you have used someone else’s ideas is unethical. It’s also plagiarism. Your lecturer will assume that if something is not referenced, it is your own original idea. Both original thought and research are important skills to learn, and your lecturer needs to differentiate the two in your writing. It also allows your lecturer to fact check what you have written.

Turabian 9th Edition Referencing Guide

Turabian 9th Edition Cheat Sheet

Turabian 9th Edition Sample Essay

Referencing using Turabain 9th Edition


The Turabian 9th edition referencing style is used by these students:

  • Theology

If unsure, please consult your lecturer or unit guide to see which referencing style you are to use.

SBL Handbook of Style

Turabian Hints & Tips

How to Construct Turabian 9th Edition References

Formatting your Bibliography


Academic Integrity Policy